• Indian railway system is the largest in Asia and the fourth largest in the world. It is the biggest department public undertaking in the country
  • The first train in India was between Bombay to Thane, distance of 34 km. on April 16, 1853
  • The headquarters of Indian railways is in New Delhi
  • The fastest train in India is the Shatabdi Express whose maximum speed is 140 km/hr
  • The longest railway platform in India is at Kharagpur (West Bengal)
  • The longest train route is of ‘Himsagar Express’ from Jammu Tavi to Kanyakumari. It covers a distance of 3,726 km and passes through 10 states
  • The first metro rail was introduced in Kolkata
  • The Indian railways operate in three different gauges, i.e. broad gauge, metro gauge, narrow gauge
  • The broad gauge accounts for nearly 50% route followed by metro gauge and the remaining by narrow gauge
  • Indian railways are divided into 16 zones, headed by a General Manager who is responsible to the Railway Board, for all matters

Railway Zone and their Headquarters

  1. central – Mumbai VT
  2. Eastern – Kolkata
  3. Northern – New Delhi
  4. North-Eastern – Gorakhpur
  5. North East Frontier – Maligion Guwahati
  6. Southern – Chennai
  7. South Central – Secunderabad
  8. South Eastern – Kolkata
  9. Western – Mumbai Chruchgate
  10. East Coast – Bhubaneshwar
  11. East Central – Hajipur
  12. North Central – Allahabad
  13. North Western – Jaipur
  14. South Western – Bengaluru(Hubli)
  15. West Central – Jabalpur
  16. South East Central – Bilaspur


  • For the purpose of maintenance and construction, roads are classified into National Highways, State Highways, District Highways, Village Roads, Border Roads, International Highways
  • The present length of the National Highways in India is approximately 70,548 km. They constitute only 2% of the total road length and carries 40% of the road traffic
  • Maharashtra has the maximum length of surfaced roads in India


  • JRD Tata was the first person to make a solo flight from Mumbai to Karachi in 1931
    In 1935, the “Tata Air Lines” started its operation between Mumbail and Thiruvananthapuram and in 1937 Mumbai and Delhi
  • In 1935, all the private Airlines companies were nationalized and Indian Airlines and Air India came into existance
  • A number of private airlines also operates in India.


  • The total length of navigable waterways in India comprising rivers, canals, backwaters etc, is 14500 km out of which 3700 km is navigable by mechanized boats