Buddhism

Lord Buddha

  • Also known as Sakyamuni or Tathagata
  • Born to Suddhodana(Sakya ruler) and Mahamaya in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima day at Lumbini (near Kapilvastu) in Nepal
  • Lost mother 7 days after the birth. Brought by stepmother Gautmi
  • Married at 16 to Yoshodhara. Enjoyed the married life for 13 years and blessed with a son named Rahul
  • After seeing an old man, a sick man, a corpse and an ascetic, he decided to become a wanderer
  • Left his palace at 29 (with channa, the charioteer and his favourite horse, Kanthaka) in search of truth(called ‘Mahabhinishkranama’ or ‘The Great Renunciation’) and wandered for 6 years
  • For six years he tortured himself until he was nothing but a walking skeleton. But after 6 years, he felt that his fasts and penance has been useless. So he abandones these things
  • Attained ‘Enlightment’ at 35 at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under the Pipal tree
  • Delivered the first sermon at Sarnath where hi five disciples had settled. His first sermon is called ‘Dharmachkrapravartan’ or ‘Turning of the wheel of law’
  • Attended Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar (in UP) in 483 BC at the age of 80
  • In Fourth council Buddhism seperated into Mahayana and Hinyana Sects

Mahatma Bhuddha stressed four noble truths

  • There is sorrow
  • Reason of sorrow is desire
  • Sorrow can be ended by killing desires
  • Desires can be controlled by eight Fold Paths

Jainism

  • Founded by Rishabha
  • There are 24 Tirthankars. First was Rishabhdev, (Emblem: Bull)
  • The 23rd Tirthnkar was Pasrhwanath, (Emblem: Snkae)

Lord Mahavira

  • The 24th and the last thirthankar was Vardhman Mahavir (Emblem: Lion). He was born in Kundangram (Bihar) in 540 BC
  • Born to Siddhartha(Head of Kshatriya clan) and Trishla (sister of Lichhavi Prince chetak of Vaishali)
  • Bimbisara was related to Lord Mahavira
  • Married to Yashoda, had a daughter named Priyadarsena, whose husband Jamali became his first disciple
  • At 30, after the death of his parents, he became an ascetic
  • In the 13t year of his asceticism outside the town of Jrimbhikgrama, he attained supreme knowledge (Kaivalya)
  • From now on he was called Jaina or Jitendriya and Mahavira, and his followers were named Jains. He also got the title of Arihant i.e. worthy
  • At the age of 72, he attained death at Pawapuri in 468 BC

Jainism Sacts

Shwetambars those who wear white clothes and Digambars those who remains naked