Fundamental Rights are under Articles 12-35

Right to Equality

Articles 14 – 18

  • Equality before law
  • Prohibition of discrimination on ground of religion, race, cast, sex or place of birth
  • Equality of opportunity in matter of public employment
  • Abolition of untouchability
  • Abolition of titles

Right to Freedom

Articles 19 – 21

  • Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech and expression, freedom to assemble peacefully etc
  • Protection in respect of conviction for offences
  • Protection of life and personal liberty

Right to Education

Article 21 A states that the state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of age of 6 – 14 years

Right Against Exploitation

  • Prohibition of trafficking in human beings and forced labour (Article 23)
  • Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc (Article 24)

Right to Freedom of Religion

Articles 25 to 28

  • Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
  • Freedom of manage religious affairs
  • Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion
  • Freedom as to attendance at religious instructions or religious worship in certain educational institutions

Cultural and Educational Right

  • Protection of interest of minorities
  • Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

Right to constitutional Remedies

  • Right to move to the Supreme Court and the High Courts in case of their violation, termed by the BR Ambedkar as the Heart and Soul of the constitution
  • Article 32 (A) shall not be suspended except according to the provisions of the constitution
  • The Supreme Court and High Courts have the power to issue writs, if fundamental rights are violated.